Frequently Asked Questions

About USADefend

What services does USADefend offer?

USADefend LLC offers the following services:

USADefend Immigration has offered the following services:

What forms of payment do you accept?

USADefend accepts all major credit cards through an online secure portal. All unearned legal fees are deposited into an interest bearing trust account (IOLTA), compliant in multiple jurisdictions.

We also accept most common crypto assets, such as Bitcoin (BTC), Ethereum (ETH), and multiple others. Please inquire before providing payment.

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Where do you offer services?

USADefend offers services all across the United States of America, all its territories and possessions, as well as a multitude of countries across the world. Click here to see our Service offering.

Is what you do legal?

Absolutely. 100% legal.

We abide by strict ethical and moral standards, and only work with other similar professionals. In certain cases, we may evaluate your current situation and determine that it is marginally or significantly non-compliant in the jurisdiction where it may be happening, upon which we will inform you immediately. However, we will not endorse any further continuation of unamended activities.

Is this a scam?

No, this is not a scam. All the information provided and solutions offered during our services are third-party verifiable in nature. Oftentimes, citations for legal sources are provided.

In addition, Christian M. Frank Fas – The Expat Expert -, is admitted as an attorney in multiple jurisdictions around the United States of America, and is also a member of several professional organizations.

We will gladly provide references and credentials upon request.

Can I ask you just a few questions?

Due to the extreme volume of inquiries we receive, we aren’t able to answer specific questions until after a consultation is scheduled. While sharing information on our multiple platforms is provided freely, each particular situation requires time and effort to custom tailor specific solutions to particular problems.

Please understand that this limitation is not by choice, but by design.

Schedule a consultation here.

But, I only have one question. Can you make an exception?

Sorry, that one question leads to further questions. Once we go down the rabbit hole, there’s no turning back.

Schedule a Consultation here.

Where are your offices located?

  • Main Corporate

USADefend LLC
1887 Whitney Mesa Drive Suite 9669
Henderson, NV 89014

  • Immigration Division

USADefend Immigration
225 Union Blvd #150 Suite 114
Lakewood, CO 80228

  • Federal Litigation & Removal Defense Division

USADefend LLC
340 S Lemon Ave Suite 6996
Walnut, CA 91789

Puerto Rico Tax Benefits

Why invest in Puerto Rico?

Puerto Rico is a United States territory nestled in the middle of the Caribbean. It has been -and continues to be- an important social and economic bridge between the Americas. U.S. citizens can travel freely between the island and the U.S. mainland without passports.

Puerto Rico enjoys fiscal autonomy, which means that it can offer very attractive tax incentives not available on the mainland U.S., with the advantages of being in a U.S. environment. The local government has enacted multiple tax incentives to attract foreign investment, which are available to Tax Residents and EB-5 Visa program applicants.

The U.S. dollar is the official and only currency and is subject to the United States Federal Court System and Laws, but with valuable tax advantages for individuals and corporations that are not available on the mainland. All U.S. banking regulations apply, including the credibility and protections afforded by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC). Also, all the legal framework and protections, such as intellectual property and patent protection, apply in Puerto Rico.

What tax benefits does Puerto Rico offer?

Here’s a brief list of SOME of the tax benefits Puerto Rico offers:

  • For Individual Resident Investors:
    • No Foreign Earned Income Tax
    • No Capital Gains Tax
    • No Distribution of Dividends Tax
    • Income is Earned Outside the USA for Tax Purposes
  • For Export Service Businesses:
    • No Property Tax for a limited time.
    • No Municipal Tax for a limited time.
    • No Capital Gains Tax
    • No Distribution of Dividends Tax
    • Additional Municipal, State and Employment Tax Benefits

What is Puerto Rico Act 60 / Act 20 / Act 22

To stimulate economic growth, Puerto Rico introduced generous tax incentives with Act 20 and Act 22, currently Act 60, which offer outstanding tax incentives to residents and companies, such as an introductory 4% flat corporate tax rate for qualifying businesses and 0% tax on income tax, capital gains tax and dividends. This is a HUGE TAX SAVINGS,,compared to the 21% IRS tax rate in the United States.

What businesses can benefit from Puerto Rico Tax Benefits?

Export Services Eligible Services

All businesses that have an office or establishment in Puerto Rico and conduct eligible services as an export service provider or an export commerce business can benefit from Act 60 Benefits. This is not a definitive list, and any business can meet the requirements if structured adequately. 

Eligible Export Service activities are the following:

  • Advertising and Public Relations
  • Call Centers
  • Consulting
  • Corporate Headquarters
  • Creative Industries (design, art, music, publications, development of apps and video games, creative education)
  • Development of Computer Programs
  • Distribution in Physical Form, through the Internet, Cloud Computing or Blockchain, Income from Licensing, Subscriptions or Charges for Services.
  • Education Services and Training
  • Electronic Data Processing Centers
  • Engineering, Architecture, Project Management
  • Hospital and Laboratory Services, including Telemedicine
  • Investment Banking and other Financial Services (including advisory and broker dealer operations)
  • Marketing Centers
  • Professional Services (law and accounting)
  • Research and Development
  • Shared Service Centers
  • Voice and Data Telecommunications

Among the eligible Export Commerce activities are the following:

    • Assembly, Bottling and Packaging of Products for Export
    • Commercial and Mercantile Distribution of Products Manufactured in P.R.
    • Commissions on the Sale of Products to Customers outside P.R.
    • Purchase of Products for Resale to Customers outside P.R.
    • Sale of Intangible Products to Customers outside P.R.
    • Storage and Distribution Centers
  • This is a non-exhaustive list. Any service business can qualify if services are rendered OUTSIDE of Puerto Rico.

What benefits does Puerto Rico offer to tourism businesses?

Tourism related businesses that invest and operate in Puerto Rico can benefit from the following:

  • 100% exemption on municipal construction excise tax
  • 100% exemption on imported goods and sales tax
  • 100% exemption on municipal licenses
  • 90% exemption on income tax
  • 90% exemption on property tax
  • Tax credits equal to the lesser of 10% of total project cost or 50% cash from investors, which can be monetized.

The benefits under this law will remain valid for a period of 10 years from the opening date of the eligible tourism project and includes a 10-year extension.

What benefits does Puerto Rico offer to foreign investors?

In the United States, investors pay as much as 37% on short-term capital gains and up to 20% on long-term gains.

This applies to crypto and other assets held for more than a year. Under Puerto Rico Act 60, known as the Individual Investors Act, that tax obligation is reduced to zero if certain qualifications are met.

There is also a major tax incentive for business owners to invest in Puerto Rico.

Stateside companies are subject to a 21% federal corporate tax, plus a state corporate tax, which varies.

If a firm exports its services out of Puerto Rico, to the U.S. or anywhere else, they pay a flat 4% corporate tax rate. 

Can you give me an example of a business?

You create a domestic corporation in Puerto Rico, which acquires one or several real estate properties, destined to the tourism industry, with a minimum investment of $500,000 USD. Then, you employ 10 employees to book, schedule, manage, maintain and care for the real estate properties in Puerto Rico.

Any services provided to clients outside of Puerto Rico are subject to Puerto Rico Act 60 Tax Benefits.

All marketing of the rentals is done by your own Export Services company, including:

  • Graphic Design
  • Social Media Management
  • Booking and Scheduling
  • Payment Processing
  • Payroll Management
  • Management and Administration of Properties

This is a gross oversimplification for illustration purposes, only. 

What tourism related businesses can benefit from Puerto Rico Tax Benefits?

  • Guesthouses, hostels, hotels, condo-hotels, and timeshare vacation clubs.

  • Theme parks, golf courses managed by, or associated with, a hotel that is an exempt business, marinas and port facilities in areas that promote and encourage tourism.

  • Natural resources used as entertainment sources.

  • Other facilities acting as recreational or entertainment sources, which encourage internal and/or external tourism.

What conveniences does Puerto Rico offer compared to other locations?

Puerto Rico offers many conveniences for clients:

  • Short travel time from the Eastern coast.
    • About 2 hour flight from Miami.
    • About 3 hour flight from New York.
  • International airport with multiple daily flights on all major airline carriers.
  • Same shipping services available: UPS / FedEx / USPS
  • Amazon Prime is available.
  • Netflix is available, without a VPN.
  • Warm and comfortable weather all year round.
  • Diversity of microclimates around the island.
  • Bilingual Education available.
  • No immigration border crossings.
  • No customs declarations.
  • Quality of consumer goods available is equal or superior.
  • Quality and variety of electronics is equal to the mainland USA.
  • Variety of consumer goods sold is identical to the mainland USA.
  • Quality of produce is superior than mainland USA, with more variety.
  • Longstanding and rich cultural heritage that spans over 500 years.

Will Puerto Rico tax benefits go away?

Despite media foreshadowing, and the occasional sensationalist detractor, the government of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico has no intentions of eliminating years of groundbreaking tax developments and benefits.

Also, under the Puerto Rico legal system, an individual or a business cannot be hindered from an established acquired right, such as favorable tax proceedings, without Due Process.

The doctrine of Due Process requires several fundamental proceedings in order to curtail an established taxpayer right, such as, but not limited to:

  • Legislative commission reviews and hearings, which require public participation.
  • Court proceedings which must conclude by exhausting judicial forums.
  • Regulatory changes, which require prior publishing of proposed measures.

Therefore, it is undeniable that any change to current Puerto Rico tax policy will gain a measure of notoriety beforehand, upon which USADefend LLC will advise its current and former clients, so that adequate measures can be taken to prevent or minimize any possible tax exposure.

 

Sobre Christian M. Frank Fas, Esq.

I’m a journalist, can I interview you?

I believe that the Press is the fourth democratic branch, so I’m always willing to collaborate with responsible journalists. I welcome and defend the unbiased freedom of expression as a fundamental human right, and any way I can provide assistance is encouraged.

For inquiries, feel free to contact me.

Are you my lawyer?

Although some of the information and services we provide may be considered legal in nature, only a licensed attorney can provide legal counsel. Given the nature of international laws, offshore businesses, and the path to becoming an expat, it is difficult at best, impossible at worst, for a single individual or firm to be licensed in all jurisdictions.

While the author of this webpage, Christian M. Frank Fas, is in actuality a licensed attorney, none of the information provided here, nor the ExitStrategy™, can be considered legal counsel. Only through the engagement of our legal services provided by USADefend Immigration, can legal counsel be provided.

USADefend Immigration offers legal services, but exclusively limited to immigration and nationality matters.

Please bear in mind that all the information contained in this website, does not constitute legal counsel as of yet, and is purely for your information. Asking for any additional information or questions pertaining this matter has not created a legally binding Attorney-Client relationship, nor a contractual relationship for your legal representation, until you have completed a Legal Representation Contract with us and we have accepted a retainer or deposit to initiate any legal proceedings.

For additional information, please read our End-User Agreement and Disclaimers.

What languages do you speak?

Christian is natively fluent in English and Spanish. He also dabbles in Italian, French, Portuguese and sometimes a bit of Klingon, for fun.

Our expertly trained receptionists answer calls in both English and Spanish, 24 hours a day and 7 days a week.

Are you licensed to practice law in Puerto Rico?

Yes. RUA Núm. 16,407 and a proud member of the Colegio de Abogados y Abogadas.

When did you start practicing law?

I was admitted to practice law by the Puerto Rico Supreme Court on March 2007.

Here’s a list of some of the legal matters I have represented over the years:

  • Legal counsel and representation to mainland USA clients who required representation in Puerto Rico.
  • Complex interstate divorces involving division of marital estates.
  • Parental Kidnapping Prevention Act Defense.
  • Interstate Child Support Defense.
  • Disputes over breach of exclusive distribution contracts of products and services.
  • Business startup planning, creation and formation in Puerto Rico.
  • Legal counsel to multiple Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearm related industries, including import, export and excise tax compliance, and international trade.
  • Complex probate, estate division and impeachment of testaments in Puerto Rico.
  • Development of digital notary practices.
  • Alpha and Beta testing of electronic document filing systems in multiple legal jurisdictions.
  • Family immigration including waivers, VAWA and U Visa applications.
  • Complex removal cases before Immigration Court.
  • Asylum Defense in Removal Proceedings before Immigration Court.
  • Immigration Appeals before the Board of Immigration Appeals.
  • Immigration Appeals before the Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals.
  • Civil Rights Violation Lawsuits before Federal District Court.

Have you been cited as a legal source?

As a pioneer of digital document handling in the legal field, I authored the first article in a Puerto Rican legal review journal to write about digital notarial practice in 2006.

My law review article, titled The Future of Notarial Practice in the Digital Age (45 Rev. Der. PR 345 (2006)), has been cited as a legal source for the establishment of a notarial legal practice model which intertwines the traditional Latin notarial activities in an ever developing digital world.

Read the legal review article here.

Subsequently cited by the Puerto Rico Supreme Court’s Commission for the Study and Evaluation of the Notarial Functions in Puerto Rico.

 

Green Card by Investment

What is a Green Card by Investment?

The EB-5 visa offers an immediate path to permanent residence in the United States of America. An immigrant investor who wants to establish and invest in a business in the United States can apply for this visa, and once approved, can immediately come to USA as a Green Card holder. 

The main requirements for the EB-5 Investor Visa are:

  • Minimum capital investment in a new business in the USA of $1.8M USD.
    • Investment in low employment areas is reduced to only $500,000 USD for a limited time.
  • Job creation of 10 full-time employees in 2 years, subject to several exceptions.
  • Capital must be acquired legally before investing.
  • The investment must be made in a for-profit U.S. commercial entity.
  • A direct investment is made directly into the job-creating business, and these investments count direct job creation only.
  • A regional center investment is made into an EB-5 fund, that loans the funds to the job-creating business; these investments count direct, indirect and induced jobs.

Can an unsecured loan be used as funding?

Yes.

USCIS now allows unsecured loans as a source of investors funds.

If the loan is secured by collateral, the value of the collateral must be at least equal to the loan amount. An applicant can expect USCIS to make a request for evidence (RFE) if the value of the collateral is close to amount of the loan. It is usually advised that the loan amount is no more than 70% of the value of the collateral property.

Do I apply inside or outside the United States?

The EB-5 Investor Visa allows two methods of applying:

Consular Processing

Through consular processing, the immigrant investor files the application before USCIS, but the visa interview is held at an embassy or consulate outside the United States. The applicant can enter the United States as a Permanent Resident when the application is approved.

Adjustment of Status

Through Adjustment of Status, the immigrant investor files the application before USCIS while residing in the United States, and the visa interview is held at a USCIS field office inside the United States. The applicant can exit and reenter the United States only if Advanced Parole is requested, and can only work inside the United States with a valid Employment Authorization Document (EAD or work permit). Usually, the AP and EAD are requested simultaneously with the EB-5 visa application, which allows entry and exit, as well as legal work authorization while the application is pending approval.

Can I include my family?

Immediate relatives, which are the investor’s spouse and minor, unmarried children, are included in the visa application.

They do not require additional capital investment, and are eligible to adjust status inside the United States.

Can gifts, inheritance, or divorce funds be a source of capital?

Inheritance

Yes, funds received through inheritance can be used as a source of capital for investment. In that case, the applicant must provide a complete record of documents related to the inheritance, including estate settlements of the deceased.

Gifts

Yes, funds received through gifts can be used as a source of capital for investment. All documents related to the gift must be provided to USCIS, including the registration of the gift money for tax purposes, if required, and the source of income of the gift giver.

Divorce

Yes, Money from divorce and other legal proceedings can be used as a source of capital for investment. This includes alimony, proceeds of civil lawsuits, and official court judgments. In that case, the applicant must provide a complete record of documents related to the settlement or judgment.

What is the EB-5 process for getting a Green Card?

The EB-5 visa application process is:

  1. Select a qualifying EB-5 project.
  2. File your investor petition (Form I-526).
  3. Receive conditional permanent residence, Green Card, for two years by filing a Form I-485 if you are Adjusting Status., or by filing a Form DS-260 if you are in your home country.
  4. Remove conditions on permanent residency by filing Form I-829.

How much does a Green Card by Investment cost?

  • The EB-5 investment minimum in a Targeted Employment Area (TEA), such as Puerto Rico is $500,000, for a limited time.
  • Investors must pay a due-diligence and evidence fee of approximately $50,000 to $80,000, and can be paid in recurring installments.
  • USADefend LLC’s fees range from $15,000 to $25,000, and can be paid in recurring installments.
  • $3,675 USCIS filing fee.

What are my odds of approval?

USCIS publishes statistics on visa applications. 

EB-5 Approval rates by fiscal year:

  • 2018 – 88%
  • 2019 – 81%
  • 2020 – 84%

Keep in mind that these statistics represent averages and include investors who did not conduct their due diligence or were victims of fraud.

Can visa applications be expedited?

USCIS can determine that a project is serving an urgent government or public interest, such as the COVID-19 pandemic, it can grant a project expedited status.

This means shorter processing times.

USADefend Immigration has seen recent petitions with investments in expedited projects receive approval in less than six months, or even much sooner. Note that expedited status does not mean an investment has less risk for the investor, and past performance is no guarantee of future results.

Can I change from a H-1B Visa to EB-5 Visa?

Yes, and this is a popular type of Adjustment of Status to remain permanently in the United States.

Can cryptocurrency be a source of funds for my investment?

Yes, absolutely.

In fact, many states and territories encourage the development of Decentralized Finance investments, and crypto asset investments by enacting local public policy that liberalizes and favors the distribution of traditional capital into crypto capital.

Puerto Rico is one such jurisdiction, in addition to being almost entirely a Targeted Employment Area, which reduces the capital investment requirements.

Can I change from a E-2 Visa to EB-5 Visa?

You can enter the USA an E-2 visa with a required investment of about $200,000, and then increase your investment to $500,000 afterwards, with the requirement that a total of 10 direct employment jobs are created. Remember, an E-2 Visa applicant must come from one of the following countries.

When do I make the investment?

We recommend that our clients make the investment before they file their EB-5 petition.

According to current regulations one can actively be in the process of investing when the petition is filed but we prefer to request that our clients make the investment, receive the confirmation letter from the direct investment or regional center and then we file the I-526 petition.

What immigration benefits do I get with a Green Card by Investment?

  • Work in the USA legally.
  • Bring your immediate family, no additional investment.
  • Children born in USA acquire citizenship automatically.
  • Apply for Citizenship in 5 years.
    • The United States passport is one of the strongest passports in the world, with visa-free travel to 144 countries.
    • Equal rights as other USA citizens.
  • The United States is the largest economy worldwide, and the most sought after market globally.

Asociaciones Profesionales

  • asociacion

USADefend LLC
1887 Whitney Mesa DR #9669
Henderson, NV 89014

Telephones

  • USA: 1-8-DEFENSE-US (833-336-7387)
  • Colorado, USA: 303-993-1973
  • Puerto Rico: 787-301-0101